This new feel you to definitely believers real time actual is lead them to an empathic question for these getting abused (the newest direct part out of 13:3), and it is together with using their government which they honor or dishonor marriage
Having said that, this new attitude of them just who, knowing the newest divine view, prize relationships and continue maintaining the wedding sleep undefiled, might be recognized as an act regarding appreciation to own searching new long lasting empire and you will good reverent offering from acceptable worship to help you Goodness. In addition to this abstract union ranging from 13:4 and you may -29, a standard parallel of the hortatory couplet regarding thirteen:4 (marriage) toward other sets away from exhortations when you look at the thirteen:1-2 (hospitality), step 3 (sympathy of these in the jail and you will mistreated), and you may 5 (money) is going to be advised. Understanding this type of hortatory couplets towards historical disease of quick audience off Hebrews in mind, Koester argues that people just who tell you hospitality promote complete strangers within their residential property (13:2)», and those visitors would-be potential representatives regarding marriage bed defilement in those belongings.
More over, imprisonment from a wife kept others mate instead marital company for a long period (13:3)». If exhortation regarding 13:cuatro try read with your possible items in mind, the newest honor and you may purity off marriage try elevated above people circumstantial you prefer otherwise temptation, due to the fact rational given for such award and you can love focuses primarily on Gods step and not towards people factors. Indeed, the fresh significant divine impulse (judgment) facing people who dishonor and you may defile relationships provides an idea of the latest exceptional value () one relationship enjoys on eyes out of Jesus. Fundamentally, it is notable that the last Greek term in the hortatory couplet in the prison/mistreatment, till the pair of exhortations about relationships in thirteen:4, is actually human anatomy (, 13:3).
In fact, person is an installing identity for the changeover on exhortation in the mistreatment toward you to definitely in the marriage. Inside thirteen:step three, the body try clearly the brand new concrete target out-of mistreatment, however in 13:cuatro one’s body are implicitly this new real broker out-of prospective marital dishonor and you may defilement.
In the event that Zion try an enthusiastic allusion on the divine kingship33, the theory you to definitely believers came so you can Install Zion was uniform in doing what because he or she is acquiring a kingdom
This article tried to delineate this new conception from wedding in the framework of theology away from Hebrews. So it test followed about three steps: (1) it depicted the conceptual lines of your own changeover away from part several in order to section 13, and that shows new theological tone out-of Hebrews; (2) it searched the latest conceptual micro-build away from thirteen:1-six because quick context in which matrimony was stated; and you will (3) they delineated how notion of relationship into the 13:4 is pertaining to both earlier steps, demonstrating the way they up-date the idea of matrimony in that verse, especially in regards to a mindset out-of praise to God and the fresh acknowledgment for the future divine wisdom. verall, matrimony during the Hebrews is not an isolated layout only said collectively with other impression without relationships towards details designed in this new epistle. Alternatively, an effective theological understanding out-of -13:six brings a refreshing angle towards the comprehension of relationships for the Hebrews, because this reading uncovers contacts and you may effects that aren’t instantaneously apparent from inside the an easy discovering out of 13:4
Next, Wedderburn underlines distinctions off vocabulary. He will bring lists away from conditions in the part 13 that appear to own initially into the Hebrews, conditions in the sections 1-12 which do not come in chapter thirteen, and you can conditions inside the section thirteen which aren’t included in sections 1-twelve however, that are synonymous off conditions that seem into the sections 1-128. Meanwhile, Wedderburn knows circumstances regarding get in touch with anywhere between chapters step 1-twelve and you will chapter 139. Ultimately, he shows that chapters step one-several and you will section 13 was in fact authored by other article authors (which could explain the differences between such texts), although writer of section 13 penned so it chapter later on, along with the content of chapters step one-several in your mind (which will explain the items out of contact ranging from these types of messages). Just like the an improvement regarding authorship indicates other recipients and you can purposes, Wedderburn contends one sections 1-several and part thirteen can’t be just combined towards the you to harmonious whole»ten.
not, exactly how would be the info out of judgment and you can kingdom related? Evidently the solution initiate from inside the -23. Based on this type of verses, the viewers from Hebrews has arrived to Install Zion and also to the town of the living Goodness, the newest beautiful Jerusalem», in order to Goodness, the new judge of all the»32. In both cases, the fresh new divine empire is a reality having believers, regardless of if v. However, why is God called legal contained in this framework, and not king? As a matter of fact, in a lot of locations when you look at the Hebrews Goodness are depicted just like the king in Their throne (1:8; 4:16; 8:1; 12:2), that have Christ seated at Their right-hand (1:3, 13; 8:1; ; 12:2).
What contributes to it visualize would be the fact there don’t stays a give up regarding sins» for this person. Centered on , this new abuse of your own former believer is deserved because the he/this lady has trampled around base (verb ) the Son of Jesus» and considered to be dirty the fresh new bloodstream of covenant whereby he had been sanctified» (nasb)37. This statement enjoys a couple of earliest ramifications: (1) the former believer has actually invalidated the latest priestly performs which enables your/their, beneath the criteria of the the fresh covenant, to get brand new promised inheritance/brand new empire also to praise Jesus for the an acceptable method; and you can (2) evaluating with step 1:step three and , where Christ are waiting around for his opposition be manufactured a beneficial footstool getting his base, the previous believer are dealing with Christ as adversary by the trampling Him less than ft.
Simultaneously, the partnership from cut off 2 having God cannot result from other passage inside the part thirteen, but looks currently regarding statements that provide determination getting heeding the brand new exhortations»47. A whole lot more truthfully, right attitudes on the relationship and cash is inspired by certain divine tips, wisdom (shown from the verb ) and supply/assist (shown of the a few comments in the ot48) correspondingly. The original action try bad, since it pertains to divine condemnation. Next you’re confident, whilst means divine support. Concerning your positive divine action out-of assist, the writer out-of Hebrews encourages believers to-be pretty sure (shown by the participial variety of new verb ) regarding Gods step, and this excludes the fear (conveyed of the verb ) regarding person companies (13:6). It is notable that the verb can be used in another perspective to represent the new faith () from Moses mothers as well as Moses themselves, while they did not fear brand new leaders edict () with his outrage (), correspondingly.